American Institutions:

PS 101 SELECTED RESOURCES

Instructor: Stanislav Perkner

Understanding American Democracy

Barbour, Christine, and Gerald C. Wright. Keeping the Republic: Power and Citizenship in American Politics, 2001.

Dahl, Robert A. On Democracy, 1999.

Dowding, Keith, ed. Challenges to Democracy, 2001.

Edwards, George C., Martin P. Wattenberg, and Robert L. Lineberry. Government in America, 2000.

Janda, Kenneth, Jeffrey M. Berry, and Jerry Goldman. The Challenge of Democracy, 2002.

Kemell, Samuel, and Jacobson, Gary C. Logic of American Politics, 2002.

Lichtenberg, Judith. Democracy and the Mass Media: A Collection of Essays, 1990.

Lijphart, Arend. Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, 1999.

Lowi, Theodore, and Benjamin Ginsberg. American Government: Freedom and Power, 2002.

McKay, David. Essentials of American Government, 2000.

Schudson, Michael. The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life, 1998.

Smith, Rogers M. Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in United States History, 1997.

The Founding And The Constitution

Appleby, Joyce. Inheriting the Revolution: The First Generation of Americans, 2000.

Dahl, Robert A. How Democratic is the American Constitution, 2002.

Dudley, William, ed. The Creation of the Constitution: Opposing Viewpoints, 1995.

Ellis, Joseph J. The Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation, 2000.

Farber, Daniel A. A History of the American Constitution, 1990.

Farrand, Max. The Framing of the Constitution of the United States, 2003.

Jayne, Allen. Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence: Origins, Philosophy and Theology, 1998.

Lasser, William. American Politics: The Enduring Constitution, 1999.

Levy, Leonard W. Origins of the Bill of Rights, 1999.

Maier, Pauline. American Scripture, 1997.

Medina, Loreta M., ed. The Creation of the U. S. Constitution (Turning Points in World History), 2003.

Wood, Gordon S. The Radicalism of the American Revolution, 1993.

Federalism

Baldassare, Mark. California in the New Millennium: The Changing Social and Political Landscape, 2000.

Beer, Samuel H. To Make a Nation: The Rediscovery of American Federalism, 1993.

Bowman, Ann O’M., and Richard C. Kearney. State and Local Government, 1999.

Dye, Thomas. American Federalism: Competition Among Governments, 1990.

Field, Mona, and Charles P. Sohner. California Government and Politics Today, 2002.

Gray, Virginia, Russell L. Hanson, and Herbert Jacob, eds. Politics in the American States: A Comparative Analysis, 1999.

Rosenthal, Alan. The Decline of Representative Democracy: Process, Participation, and Power in State Legislatures, 1997.

Peterson, Paul E. The Price of Federalism, 1995.

Schrag, Peter. Paradise Lost: California’s Experience, America’s Future, 1998.

Schwartz, Stephen. From West to East: California and the Making of the American Mind, 1998.

Sutton, Robert P. Federalism, 2002.

Walter, David B. The Rebirth of Federalism, 1995.

Weber, Ronald E., and Paul Brace, eds. American State and Local Politics: Directions for the 21st Century, 1999.

Civil Liberties And Civil Rights

Abraham, Henry. Freedom and the Court: Civil Rights and Liberties in the United States, 1994.

Baer, Judith A. Women in the Law: The Struggle Toward Equality from the New Deal to the Present, 1996.

Bergman, Barbara R. In Defense of Affirmative Action, 1996.

Carter, T. Barton, Marc A. Franklin, and Jay B. Wright. The First Amendment and the Fifth Estate: Regulation of Electronic Mass Media, 1999.

Cole, David, James X. Dempsey, and Carole Goldberg. Terrorism and the Constitution, 2002.

Cottrol, Robert J. Gun Control and the Constitution: Sources and Explorations on the Second Amendment, 1994.

Crane, Diana. The Production of Culture: Media and the Urban Arts, 1992.

Davis, Abraham L. The Supreme Court, Race, and Civil Rights, 1995.

Dudley, William, ed. The Bill of Rights: Opposing Viewpoints, 1994.

Garrow, David J. Liberty and Sexuality. 1994.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. Speaking of Race, Speaking of Sex: Hate Speech, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties, 1994.

Malcolm, Joyce Lee. To Keep and Bear Arms: The Origins of an Anglo-American Right, 1994.

Orr, Lisa, ed. Censorship: Opposing Viewpoints, 1990.

Rosenblatt, Roger. Life Itself: Abortion in the American Mind, 1992.

Shiffrin, Steven H. First Amendment: Cases, Comments, Questions, 1991.

Thernstrom, Abigail, and Stephen Thernstrom. America in Black and White: Our Nation, Indivisible, 1997.

Van Alstyne, William W. The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: Cases and Materials, 2002.

Walker, Samuel. In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU, 1990.

Public Opinion And The Mass Media

Alvarez, R. Michael, and John Brehm. Values, Information, and American Public Opinion, 2002.

Bagdikian, Ben H. The Media Monopoly, 1997.

Barbour, William, ed. Mass Media: Opposing Viewpoints, 1994.

Biagi, Shirley. Media/Impact: An Introduction to Mass Media, 2001.

Christians, Clifford G., Mark Fackler, and Kim B. Rotzoll. Media Ethics, 1995.

Craig, Stephen C., and Stephen Earl Bennett, eds. After the Boom: The Politics of Generation X, 1997.

Davis, Richard, ed. Politics and the Media, 1994.

DeFleur, Melvin L., and Everette E. Dennis. Understanding Mass Communication: A Liberal Arts Perspective, 2002.

Delli Carpini, Michael X., and Scott Keeter. What Americans Know About Politics and Why It Matters, 1996.

Dennis, Everette E., and Robert W. Snyder, eds. Covering Congress, 1998.

Edward, George C. Presidential Approval, 1990.

Emery, Michael, and Edwin Emery. The Press and America, 1992.

Erikson, Robert S., and Kent L. Tedin. American Public Opinion, 1995.

Firestone, Charles, and Amy Korzick Garmer. Digital Broadcasting and the Public Interest, 2000.

Franklin, Marc A., David A. Anderson, and Fred H. Cate. Mass Media Law: Cases and Materials, 2000.

Gans, Herbert J. Democracy and the News, 2003.

Gorney, Cyntia. The Business of News: A Challenge for Journalism’s Next Generation, 2002.

Graber, Doris A. Mass Media and American Politics, 1996.

Graber, Doris A. Media Power in Politics, 1993.

Graber, Doris A., Denis McQuail, and Pippa Norris, eds. The Politics of News, The News of Politics, 1998.

Gunther, Richard, and Anthony Mughan, eds. Democracy and the Media: A Comparative Perspective, 2000.

Hammond, William. Reporting Vietnam: Media and Military at War, 1999.

Harper, Christopher. The New Mass Media, 2002.

Head, Sidney W. Broadcasting in America: A Survey of Electronic Media, 2001.

Jamieson, Kathleen Hall, and Joseph N. Cappella. The Spiral of Cynicism: The Press and the Public Good, 1997.

Kennamer, J. David, ed. Public Opinion, the Press, and Public Policy, 1994.

Kollman, Ken. Outside Lobbying: Public Opinion and Interest Group Strategies, 1998.

Lichtenberg, Judith. Democracy and the Mass Media: A Collection of Essays, 1990.

Mann, Thomas E., and Gary Orren, eds. Media Polls in American Politics, 1992.

Potter, W. James. Media Literacy, 1998.

Ripley, Casey. The Media and the Public, 1994.

Shoemaker, Pamela. Gatekeeping, 1991.

Sivulka, Juliann. Soap, Sex, and Cigarettes, 1998.

Sloan, William D., ed. The Media in America: A History, 2002.

Smith, Carolyn D. Presidential Press Conferences: A Critical Approach, 1990.

Smoller, Fredric T. The Six O’clock Presidency: A Theory of Presidential Press Relations in the Age of Television, 1990.

Steyer, James P., and Susan Weis. The Inside Story of the Media Impact on Our Children, 2002.

Stimson, James A. Public Opinion in America: Moods, Cycles, and Swings, 1998.

Stuart, Ewen. PR! A Social History of Spin, 1996.

Teeter, Dwight L., and Bill Loving. Law of Mass Communications: Freedom and Control of Print and Broadcast Media, 2001.

Tyengar, Shanto. Do the Media Govern Politicians, Voters, and Reporters in America, 1997.

Wekesser, Carol, ed. Violence in the Media, 1995.

West, Darrell M. Air Wars: Television Advertising in Election Campaigns, 1952-1996, 1997.

Political Parties

Aldrich, John H. Why Parties?: The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America, 1995.

Beck, Paul A. Party Politics in America, 1997.

Bibby, John F. Two Parties - or MoreThe American Party System, 2002.

Coleman, John J. Party Decline in America: Policy, Politics, and the Fiscal State, 1996.

Conway, M. Margaret. Political Participation in the United States, 2000.

Fish, Bruce, and Becky Durost Fish. The History of the Democratic Party, 2000.

Gillespie, J. David. Politics at the Periphery: Third Parties in Two-Party America, 1993.

Green, John, and Daniel M. Shea. The State of the Parties, 1998.

Hrebenar, Ronald J., Mathew J. Burbank, and Robert C. Benedict. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Political Campaigns, 1999.

Lutz, Norma J., ed. The History of Third Parties, 2000.

Lutz, Norma Jean et al. The History of the Republican Party, 2000.

Patterson, Kelly D. Political Parties and the Maintenance of Liberal Democracy, 1996.

Rosenstone, Steven, Roy Behr, and Edward Lazarus. Third Parties in America, 1996.

Shea, Daniel M., and John C. Green, eds. The State of the Parties, 1999.

Sifry, Micah L. Spoiling for a Fight: Third-Party Politics in America, 2002.

Wattenberg, Martin P. The Decline of American Political Parties, 1952-1966, 1998.

White, John K., and Daniel M. Shea. New Party Politics: From Jefferson and Hamilton to the Information Age, 2000.

Interest Groups

Baumgartner, Frank R., and Beth L. Leech. Basic Interests: The Importance of Groups in Politics and in Political Science, 1998.

Berry, Jeffrey M. The Interest Groups Society, 1997.

Birbaum, Jeffrey. The Lobbyists: How Influence Peddlers Get Their Way to Washington, 1992.

Cigler, Allen J., and Burdett A. Loomis, eds. Interest Groups Politics, 1995.

Conway, M. Margaret, Gertrude A. Steuernagel, and David W. Ahern. Women and Political Participation, 1997.

Costain, Anne. Inviting Women’s Rebellion: A Political Process Interpretation of the Women’s Movement, 1992.

Goldstein, Kenneth M. Interest Groups, Lobbying, and Participation in America, 1999.

Grossman, Gene, and Elhanan Helpman. Special Interest Politics, 2002.

Heinz, John P., Edward O. Laumann, Robert L. Nelsori, and Robert H. Salisbury. The Hollow Core: Private Interests in National Policy, 1997.

Herrnson, Paul S., Ronald G. Shaiko, and Clyde Wilcox, eds. The Interest Group Connection, 1998.

Kollman, Ken. Outside Lobbying: Public Opinion and Interest Group Strategies, 1998.

Norris, Pippa. Women, Media, and Politics, 1997.

Petracca, Mark, ed. The Politics of Interests: Interest Groups Transformed, 1992.

Rosenthal, Alan. The Third House: Lobbyists and Lobbying in the States, 2001.

Rozell, Mark J., and Clyde Wilcox. Interest Groups in American Campaigns, 1999.

Vig, Norman J., and Michael Kraft, eds. Environmental Policy, 2000.

Wilson, James Q. Political Organizations, 1995.

Wolpe, Bruce C., and Bertram J. Levine. Lobbying Congress: How the System Works, 2000.

Wright, John R., Interest Groups and Congress: Lobbying, Contributions, and Influence, 1995.

Nominations, Campaigns, And Elections

Broder, David S. Democracy Detailed: Initiative Campaigns and the Power of Money, 2000.

Corrado, Anthony, and Charles M. Firestone, eds. Elections in Cyberspace: Toward a new Era in American Politics, 1996.

DeSipio, Louis. Counting on the Latino Vote, 1966.

Fowler, Linda. Candidates, Congress, and the American Democracy, 1994.

Ginsberg, Benjamin, and Martin Shefter. Politics by Other Means: Institutional Conflict and the Declining Significance of Elections in America, 1999.

Hardaway, Robert M. The Electoral College and the Constitution: The Case of Preserving Federalism, 1994.

Herrnson, Paul S. Congressional Elections, 2000.

Hrebenar, Ronald J., Mathew J. Burbank, and Robert C. Benedict. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Political Campaigns, 1999.

Issacharoff, Samuel. When Elections Go Bad: The Law of Democracy and the Presidential Election of 2000, 2001.

Jacobson, Gary C. The Politics of Congressional Elections, 1997.

Keyssar, Alexander. The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States, 2000.

Mayer, William G. ed. In Pursuit of the White House: How We Choose Our Presidential Nominees, 1996.

Owen, Diana M. Media Messages in American Presidential Elections, 1991.

Polsby, Nelson, and Aaron Wildavsky. Presidential Elections, 2000.

Powell, G. Bingham. Elections as Instruments of Democracy, 2000.

Schantz, Harvey L. American Presidential Elections: Process, Policy, and Political Change, 1996.

Tate, Katherine. From Protest to Politics: The New Black Voters in American Elections, 1994.

Teixeira, Ruy A. The Disappearing American Voter, 1992.

Witt, Linda, Karen Paget, and Glenna Matthews. Running as a Woman: Gender and Power in American Politics, 1994.

Public Policy

Bane, Mary Jo, and David Ellwood. Welfare Realities, 1994.

Carson, Robert B., Wade L. Thomas, and Jason Hecht. Economic Issues Today: Alternative Approaches, 1999.

Gilens, Martin. Why Americans Hate Welfare: Race, Media, and the Politics of Antipoverty Policy, 1999.

Holmes, Stephen, and Cass R. Sunstein. The Cost of Rights: Why Liberty Depends on Taxes, 1999.

Kelso, William A. Poverty and the Underclass: Changing Perceptions of the Poor in America, 1994.

Kennamer, J. David, ed. Public Opinion, the Press, and Public Policy, 1994.

Kingdom, John W. Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies, 1995.

McGuckin, Frank. Violence in American Society, 1998.

Mink, Gwendolyn. Welfare’s End, 1998.

Reich, Robert B. The Work of Nations: Preparing Ourselves for 21st Century Capitalism, 1991.

Self, Peter. Government by the MarketThe Politics of Public Choice, 1994.

Stein, Herbert. Presidential Economics, 1994.

Switzer, Jacqueline Vaughn. Environmental Policies: Domestic and Global Dimensions, 1994.

Weaver, R. Kent. Ending Welfare as We Know It, 2000.

Weidenbaum, Murray L. Business and Government in the Global Marketplace, 1998.

Congress

Baker, Ross K. House and Senate, 1995.

Conaway, James, and Edmund Morris. America’s Library: The Story of the Library of Congress, 1800-2000, 2000.

Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. Congress and Its Members, 2002.

Deering Christopher, and Steven S. Smith. Committees in Congress, 1997.

Dodd, Lawrence C., and Bruce I. Oppenheimer. Congress Reconsidered, 1997.

Fisher, Louis. Constitutional Conflicts Between Congress and the President, 1997.

Fisher, Louis. The Politics of Shared Power: Congress and the Executive, 1993.

Gingrich, Newt. Lessons Learned the Hard Way: A Personal Report, 1998.

Harris, Fred R. In Defense of Congress, 1995.

Kennedy, Caroline, ed. Profiles in Courage for Our Time, 2002.

Kennedy, John F., and Robert F. Kennedy. Profiles in Courage, 2000.

Lee, Francis E., and Bruce I. Oppenheimer. Sizing Up the Senate, 1999.

Mayhew, David R. America’s Congress: Actions in the Public Sphere, James Madison through Newt Gingrich, 2002.

Oleszek, Walter J. Congressional Procedures and the Policy Process, 2000.

Reingold, Beth. Representing Women, 2000.

Sinclair, Barbara. Unorthodox Lawmaking, 1997.

Singh, Robert. The Congressional Black Caucus: Racial Politics in the U. S. Congress, 1998.

Smith, Steven S. The American Congress, 1999.

Wilson, Thomas F. The Power "To Coin" Money: The Exercise of Monetary Powers by the Congress, 1992.

The Presidency

Angelo, Bonnie. First Mothers: The Women Who Shaped the Presidents, 2001.

Barber, James David. The Presidential Character, 1992.

Brody, Richard A. Assessing the President: The Media, Elite Opinion, and Public Support, 1991.

Edwards, George C., and Stephen J. Wayne. Presidential Leadership, 1999.

Ellis, Joseph J. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation, 2000.

Ellis, Richard J. Founding the American Presidency, 1999.

Gould, Lewis L. American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy, 1996.

Hart, John. The Presidential Branch, 1995.

Kernell, Samuel. Going Public: New Strategies of Presidential Leadership, 1997.

Milkis, Sidney M. The President and the Parties: The Transformation of the American Party System Since the New Deal, 1993.

Neustadt, Richard E. Presidential Power: The Politics of Leadership from Roosevelt to Reagan, 1990.

Neustadt, Richard E. Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents, 1990.

Pfiffner, James P. The Strategic Presidency, 1996.

Polsby, Nelson, and Aaron Wildavsky. Presidential Elections, 2000.

Schantz, Harvey L. American Presidential Elections: Process, Policy, and Political Change, 1996.

Thomas, Norman C. The Politics of the Presidency, 1994.

The Bureaucracy

Arnold, Peri E. Making the Managerial Presidency, 1996.

Brands, H. W. The Strange Death of American Liberalism, 2001.

Goodsell, Charles T. The Case for Bureaucracy, 1993.

Kerwin, Cornelius M. Rulemaking: How Government Agencies Write Law and Make Policy, 1994.

Reich, Robert B. Locked in the Cabinet, 1998.

Wilson, James Q. Bureaucracy: What Government Agencies Do and Why They Do It, 1989.

Wood, B. Dan, and Richard W. Waterman. Bureaucratic Dynamics: The Role of Bureaucracy in a Democracy, 1994.

The Courts

Abraham, Henry J. Justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court, 1992.

Abraham, Henry. The Judicial Process, 1993.

Baum, Lawrence. American Courts: Process and Policy, 1998.

Baum, Lawrence. The Supreme Court, 2000.

Fisher, Louis. Political Dynamics of Constitutional Law, 1996.

Friedman, Lawrence M. American Law: An Introduction, 1998.

Goldman, Sheldon. Picking Federal Judges, 1997.

Hall, Kermit L., ed. Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions, 2001.

Irons, Peter H. A People’s History of the Supreme Court, 2000.

Irons, Peter H. May It Please the Court: The Most Significant Oral Arguments Made Before the Supreme Court Since 1955, 1993.

Jacob, Herbert. Law and Politics in the United States, 1995.

Johnson, Charles A., and Bradley C. Canon. Judicial Policies: Implementation and Impact, 1999.

Katsh, M. Ethan, ed. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Legal Issues, 1997.

Lazarus, Edward. Closed Chambers: The First Eyewitness Account of the Epic Struggles Inside the Supreme Court, 1998.

McCloskey, Robert G., et al. The American Supreme Court, 2000.

McGuire, Kevin T. Understanding the United States Supreme Court, 2001.

McKeever, Robert J. The United States Supreme Court: A Political and Legal Analysis, 1997.

O’Brien, David M. Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics, 2002.

Rehnquist, William H. The Supreme Court, 2002.

Rotunda, Ronald D. Treatise on Constitutional Law: Substance and Procedure, 1999.

Starr, Kenneth. First Among Equals: The Supreme Court in American Life, 2002.

Wellington, Harry H. Interpreting the Constitution: The Supreme Court and the Process of Adjudication, 1991.

Foreign And Military Policy

Brands, H. W., ed. The Use of Force After the Cold War, 2000.

Chomsky, Noam. Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky, 2002.

Giddens, Anthony. Runaway World: How Globalization Is Reshaping Our Lives, 2000.

Halberstam, David. Best and Brightest, 2001.

Halberstam, David. War in a Time of a Peace: Bush, Clinton, and the Generals, 2002.

Huntington, Samuel P. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking World Order, 1996.

Kagan, Donald. On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace, 1995.

Kennan, George F. Around the Cragged Hill: A Personal and Political Philosophy, 1993.

LaFeber, Walter. The American Age: United States Foreign Policy at Home and Abroad since 1750, 1989.

Lieber, Robert J., ed. Eagle Adrift: American Foreign Policy at the End of the Century, 1997.

Lindsay, James M. Congress and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Policy, 1994.

Mandelbaum, Michael, et al. The United States in the Post-Cold War World, 2001.

Peterson, Paul E. ed. The President, Congress, and the Making of Foreign Policy, 1994.

Stieglitz, Joseph E. Globalization and Its Discontents, 2002.

Weart, Spencer R. Never at War, 1998.

Biographies

Adams, John Quincy

Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life, 1997.

Remini, Robert. John Quincy Adams, 2002.

Adams, John

McCullough, David. John Adams, 2002.

Adamses, The

Brookhiser, Richard. America’s First Dynasty: The Adamses, 2002.

Albright, Madeleine

Lippman, Thomas W. Madeleine Albright and the New American Diplomacy, 2000.

Brandeis, Louis D.

Baskerville, Stephen W. Of Laws and Limitations: An Intellectual Portrait of Louis Dembitz Brandeis, 1994.

Freedman, Suzanne. Brandeis: The People’s Justice, 1996.

Strum, Philippa. Brandeis: Beyond Progressivism, 1993.

Burr, Aaron

Ingram, Scott. Aaron Burr and the Young Nation, 2002.

Kennedy, Roger G. Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson: A Study in Character, 1999.

Bush, George Herbert Walker

Davis, Marc: George Herbert Walker Bush, 2002.

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Bush, George W.

Wheeler, Jill C. George W. Bush (War on Terrorism), 2002.

Woodward, Bob. Bush at War, 2002.

Carter, Jimmy

Brinkley, Douglas. The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Journey Beyond the White House, 1999.

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Morris, Kenneth E. Jimmy Carter: American Moralist, 1996.

Chavez, Cesar

Ferris, Susan,and Ricardo Sandoval. The Fight in the Fields: Cesar Chavez and the Farmworkers Movement, 1998.

Cheney, Dick

Andrews, Elaine. Dick Cheney: A Life in Public Service, 2001.

Cleveland, Grover

Jeffers, H. Paul. An Honest President: The Life and Presidencies of Grover Cleveland, 2002.

Clinton, Bill

Klein, Joe. The Natural: The Misunderstood Presidency of Bill Clinton, 2002.

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Posner, Richard A. An Affair of State: The Investigation, Impeachment, and Trial of President Clinton, 1999.

Toobin, Jeffrey. A Vast Conspiracy: The Real Story of the Sex Scandal That Nearly Brought Down a President, 2000.

Croly, Herbert

Stettner, Edward A. Shaping Modern Liberalism: Herbert Croly and Progressive Thought, 1993.

Davis, Jefferson

Cooper, William J., Jr. Jefferson Davis, American, 2001.

Eisenhower, Dwight D.

Ambrose, Stephen E. Eisenhower: Soldier and President, 1991.

D’Este, Carlo. Eisenhower, 2002.

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Wicker, Tom, and Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. Dwight D. Eisenhower, 2002.

Ford, Gerald

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Franklin, Benjamin

Brands, H. W. The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin, 2002.

Morgan, Edmund S. Benjamin Franklin, 2002.

Ginsburg, Ruth Bader

Italia, Bob, and Paul Deegan. Ruth Bader Ginsburg, 1994.

Gore, Al

Maraniss, David, and Ellen Nakashima. The Prince of Tennessee: The Rise of Al Gore, 2000.

Stefoff, Rebecca. Al Gore: Vice President, 1998.

Grant, Ulysses

Smith, Jean Edward. Grant, 2002.

Hamilton, Alexander

Flexner, James Thomas. The Young Hamilton: A Biography, 1997.

Kennedy, Roger G. Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson: A Study in Character, 1999.

Randall, Willard Sterne. Alexander Hamilton: A Life, 2003.

Whitelaw, Nancy. More Perfect Union: The Story of Alexander Hamilton, 2002.

Hayes, Rutherford B.

Trefousse, Hans. Rutherford B. Hayes, 2002.

Harrison, William Henry

Cleaves, Freeman, and Katherine E. Speirs, ed. Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time, 1990.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell

Alschuler, Albert W. Law Without Values: The Life, Work, and Legacy of Justice Holmes, 2000.

Jackson, Andrew

Cole, Donald B. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1999.

Remini, Robert V. The Life of Andrew Jackson, 2001.

Wallace, Anthony F.C., and Eric Foner, ed. The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians, 1993.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Age of Jackson, 1988.

Jefferson, Thomas

Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West, 1996.

Ellis, Joseph J. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson, 1998.

Kennedy, Roger G. Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson: A Study in Character, 1999.

Mayer, David N. The Constitutional Thought of Thomas Jefferson, 1995.

Miller, John Chester. The Wolf by the Ears: Thomas Jefferson and the Slavery, 1991.

Onuf, Peter S. Jefferson’s Empire: The Language of American Nationhood, 2000.

Peterson, Merrill D. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind, 1998.

Peterson, Merrill D. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation, 1992.

Randall, William Sterne. Thomas Jefferson: A Life, 1993.

Sheldon, Garrett Ward. The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, 1993.

Simon, James F. What Kind of Nation: Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and the Epic Struggle to Create a United States, 2002.

Yarbrough, Jean M. American Virtues: Thomas Jefferson on the Character of a Free People, 1998.

Johnson, Andrew

Trefousse, Hans Louis. Andrew Johnson: A Biography, 1997.

Johnson, Lyndon B.

Caro, Robert A. Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson, 2002.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream, 1991.

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Wicker, Tom. JFK and LBJ: The Influence of Personality Upon Politics, 1991.

Kennedy, John F.

Reeves, Richard. President Kennedy: Profile of Power, 1994.

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Matthews, Christopher. Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America, 1997.

Reeves, Thomas C. A Question of Character: A Life of John F. Kennedy, 1997.

Rorabaugh, W. J. Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties, 2002.

Schlesinger, Arthur M. Jr. A Thousand days: John F. Kennedy in the White House, 1991.

Sorensen, Theodore C. Kennedy Legacy, 1993.

Wicker, Tom. JFK and LBJ: The Influence of Personality Upon Politics, 1991.

Kennedy, Robert

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. Robert Kennedy and His Times, 1996.

Kennedys, The

Leamer, Laurence. The Kennedy Men: 1901 - 1963, 2001.

King, Martin Luther, Jr.

Frady, Marshall. Martin Luther King, Jr., 2002.

Kissinger, Henry

Hitchens, Christopher. The Trial of Henry Kissinger, 2002.

Isaacson, Walter. Kissinger: A Biography, 1993.

Lewis, Merivether

Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West, 1996.

Lincoln, Abraham

Dilorenzo, Thomas J. The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War, 2002.

Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln, 1996.

Gienapp, William E. Abraham Lincoln and Civil War America: A Biography, 2002.

Keneally, Thomas, Abraham Lincoln, 2003.

McPherson, James M. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution, 1992.

Lippmann, Walter

Steel, Ronald. Walter Lippmann and the American Century, 1999.

Madison, James

Ketcham, Ralph Louis. James Madison: A Biography, 1990.

Rakove, Jack N., and Oscar Handlin, ed. James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic, 2001.

Rutland, Robert Allen. The Presidency of James Madison, 1990.

Wills, Garry. James Madison, 2002.

Marshall, John

Simon, James F. What Kind of Nation: Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and the Epic Struggle to Create a United States, 2002.

Smith, Jean Edward. John Marshall: Definer of a Nation, 1996.

Marshall, Thurgood

Rowan, Carl T. Dream Makers, Dream Breakers: The World of Justice Thurgood Marshall, 2002.

Williams, Juan. Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary, 2000.

McCain, John

Drew, Elizabeth. Citizen McCain, 2002.

McCarthy, Joseph

Herman, Arthur. Joseph McCarthy: Reexamining the Life and Legacy of America’s Most Hated Senator, 1999.

Rovere, Richard H., and Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. Senator Joe McCarthy, 1996.

McKinley, William

Feinstein, Stephen. William McKinley, 2002.

Mencken, Henry Louis

Teachout, Terry. The Skeptic: A Life of H. L. Mencken, 2002.

Monroe, James

Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity, 1990.

Nader Ralph

Martin, Justin. Nader: Crusader, Spoiler, Icon, 2002.

Nixon, Richard

Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush, 2001.

Matthews, Christopher. Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America, 1997.

Reeves, Richard. President Nixon: Alone in the White House, 2002.

O’Connor, Sandra Day

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